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RULE §554.403Notice of Rights and Services

(a) The facility must inform the resident, both orally and in writing, in a language that the resident understands, of the resident's rights and all rules and regulations governing resident conduct and responsibilities during the stay in the facility. This notification must be made prior to or upon admission and during the resident's stay if changed.

(b) The facility must also inform the resident, upon admission and during the stay, in a language the resident understands, of the following:

  (1) facility admission policies;

  (2) a description of the protection of personal funds as described in §19.404 of this subchapter (relating to Protection of Resident Funds);

  (3) the Texas Human Resources Code, Title 6, Chapter 102; or a written list of the rights and responsibilities contained in the Texas Human Resources Code, Title 6, Chapter 102;

  (4) a written description of the services available through the Ombudsman Program. This information must be made available to each facility by the ombudsman program. Facilities are responsible for reproducing this information and making it available to residents, their families, and resident representatives;

  (5) a written statement to the resident, the resident's next of kin, or guardian describing the facility's policy for:

    (A) the drug testing of employees who have direct contact with residents; and

    (B) the criminal history checks of employees and applicants for employment; and

  (6) HHSC rules and the facility's policies related to the use of restraint and involuntary seclusion. This information must also be given to the resident's legally authorized representative, if the resident has one.

(c) Upon admission of a resident, a facility must:

  (1) provide written information to the resident's family representative, in a language the representative understands, of the right to form a family council; or

  (2) inform the resident's family representative, in writing, if a family council exists, of the council's meeting time, date, location and contact person.

(d) Receipt of information in subsections (b) - (d) of this section, and any amendments to it, must be acknowledged in writing by all parties receiving the information.

(e) The facility must post a copy of the documents specified in subsections (a) and (b) of this section in a conspicuous location.

(f) The resident or the resident's legal representative has the following rights:

  (1) upon an oral or written request to the facility, to access all records pertaining to the resident, including clinical records, within 24 hours (excluding weekends and holidays); and

  (2) to purchase photocopies of all or any portion of the records upon request and two workdays advance notice to the facility.

(g) The resident has the right to be fully informed in language the resident understands of the resident's total health status, including the resident's medical condition.

(h) The resident has the right to refuse treatment, to formulate an advance directive (as specified in §19.419 of this subchapter (relating to Advance Directives), and to refuse to participate in experimental research.

  (1) If the resident refuses treatment, the resident must be informed of the possible consequences.

  (2) If the resident chooses to participate in experimental research, the resident must be fully notified of the research and possible effects of the research. The research may be carried on only with the full written consent of the resident's physician, and the resident.

  (3) Experimental research must comply with Federal Drug Administration regulations on human research as found in 45 CFR, Part 46.

(i) The facility must inform a resident before, or at the time of admission, and periodically during the resident's stay (if there are any changes), of services available in the facility and of charges for those services, including any charges for services not covered under Medicare or by the facility's per diem rate.

(j) The facility must provide a written description of a resident's legal rights, which includes:

  (1) a description of the manner of protecting personal funds, described in §19.404 of this subchapter;

  (2) a posting of names, addresses, and telephone numbers of all pertinent state client advocacy groups such as HHSC, the Ombudsman Program, the protection and advocacy network, and, in Medicaid-certified facilities, the Medicaid fraud control unit; and

  (3) a statement that the resident may file a complaint with HHSC concerning resident abuse, neglect, and misappropriation of resident property in the facility.

(k) The facility must inform a resident of the name, specialty, and way of contacting the physician responsible for the resident's care.

(l) Notification of changes.

  (1) A facility must immediately inform the resident; consult with the resident's physician; and notify, consistent with the representative's authority, the resident representative when there is:

    (A) an accident involving the resident that results in injury and has the potential for requiring physician intervention;

    (B) a significant change in the resident's physical, mental, or psychosocial status (that is, a deterioration in health, mental, or psychosocial status in either life-threatening conditions or clinical complications);

    (C) a need to alter treatment significantly (that is, a need to discontinue an existing form of treatment due to adverse consequences, or to commence a new form of treatment); or

    (D) a decision to transfer or discharge the resident from the facility.

  (2) The facility also must promptly notify the resident and the resident representative, if any, when there is:

    (A) a change in room or roommate assignment with the reason for the change provided in writing; or

    (B) a change in resident rights under federal or state law or regulations as described in subsection (b) of this section.

  (3) The facility must record and periodically update the address and phone number of the resident.

(m) Additional requirements for Medicaid-certified facilities. Medicaid-certified facilities must:

  (1) provide the resident with the state-developed notice of rights under §1919(e)(6) of the Social Security Act;

  (2) inform a resident who is entitled to Medicaid benefits, in writing, at the time of admission to the nursing facility or, when the resident becomes eligible for Medicaid of:

    (A) the items and services that are included in nursing facility services provided under the State Plan and for which the resident may not be charged;

    (B) those other items and services that the facility offers and for which the resident may be charged, and the amount of charges for those services;

  (3) inform each resident when changes are made to the items and services specified in paragraphs (2)(A) and (2)(B) of this subsection;

  (4) provide a written description of the requirements and procedures for establishing eligibility for Medicaid, including the right to request an assessment under §1924(c) of the Social Security Act, which:

    (A) is used to determine the extent of a couple's nonexempt resources at the time of institutionalization; and

    (B) attributes to the community spouse an equitable share of resources that cannot be considered available for payment toward the cost of the institutionalized spouse's medical care in the process of spending down to Medicaid eligibility levels; and

  (5) prominently display in the facility written information, and provide to residents and potential residents oral and written information about how to apply for and use Medicare and Medicaid benefits, and how to receive refunds for previous payments covered by such benefits.

Source Note: The provisions of this §554.403 adopted to be effective May 1, 1995, 20 TexReg 2393; amended to be effective March 1, 1998, 23 TexReg 1314; amended to be effective August 1, 2000, 25 TexReg 6779; amended to be effective July 1, 2001, 26 TexReg 3824; amended to be effective May 1, 2002, 27 TexReg 3207; amended to be effective August 1, 2002, 27 TexReg 6052; amended to be effective June 1, 2006, 31 TexReg 4449; amended to be effective September 1, 2008, 33 TexReg 6151; amended to be effective April 5, 2018, 43 TexReg 2017; amended to be effective March 24, 2020, 45 TexReg 2025; transferredeffective January 15, 2021, as published in the Texas Register December 11, 2020, 45 TexReg 8871

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